This contribution proposes the usage of Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carriers (LOHC) for the storage and subsequently the transport of renewable energy. It is expected that a significant share of future energy consumption will be satisfied with the import of energy coming from regions with high potential for renewable generation, e.g. the import of solar power from Northern Africa to Europe. In this context the transport of energy in form of chemical carriers is proposed supplementary to electrical transmission. Because of their high storage density and good manageability under ambient conditions Diesel-like LOHC substances could be transported within the infrastructure that already exists for the handling of liquid fossil fuels (e.g. oil tankers, tank trucks, pipelines, etc.). A detailed assessment of energy consumption as well as of transport costs is conducted that confirms the feasibility of the concept.
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 37, Issue 23, December 2012, Pages 18118-18132