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Chemical utilization of hydrogen from fluctuating energy sources e Catalytic transfer hydrogenation from charged Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier systems

Abstract Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier (LOHC) systems offer a very attractive way for storing and distributing hydrogen from electrolysis using excess energies from solar or wind power plants. In this contribution, an alternative, high-value utilization of such hydrogen is proposed namely its use in steady-state chemical hydrogenation processes. We here demonstrate that the hydrogen-rich form [...]

2019-06-27T07:53:41+00:00 November 7, 2015|

Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carriers: Thermophysical and Thermochemical Studies of Benzyl- and Dibenzyl-toluene Derivatives

Abstract The heat transfer oils dibenzyltoluene and benzyltoluene are promising materials as a new class of liquid organic hydrogen carrier compounds (LOHC). Thermophysical properties (heat capacity, density, viscosity, and surface tension) of the commercially available thermofluids Marlothem LH (benzyltoluene) and Marlotherm SH (dibenzyltoluene) and their completely hydrogenated derivatives were measured. Thermochemical properties (enthalpies of combustion [...]

2019-06-27T07:51:58+00:00 July 29, 2015|

Vacuum Surface Science Meets Heterogeneous Catalysis: Dehydrogenation of a Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier in the Liquid State

Abstract Ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) surface science techniques are used to study the heterogeneous catalytic dehydrogenation of a liquid organic hydrogen carrier in its liquid state close to the conditions of real catalysis. For this purpose, perhydrocarbazole (PH), otherwise volatile under UHV, is covalently linked as functional group to an imidazolium cation, forming a non-volatile ionic [...]

2019-06-27T07:52:01+00:00 June 12, 2015|

Environmental and health impact assessment of Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier (LOHC) systems – challenges and preliminary results

Abstract Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier (LOHC) systems offer a very attractive way to store and transport hydrogen, a technical feature that is highly desirable to link unsteady energy production from renewables with the vision of a sustainable, CO2-free, hydrogen-based energy system. LOHCs can be charged and discharged with considerable amounts of hydrogen in cyclic, catalytic [...]

2019-06-27T07:52:06+00:00 February 4, 2015|

Evaluation of Industrially Applied Heat-Transfer Fluids as Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier Systems

Abstract Liquid organic hydrogen carrier (LOHC) systems offer a very attractive method for the decentralized storage of renewable excess energy. In this contribution, industrially well-established heat-transfer oils (typically sold under trade names, e.g., Marlotherm) are proposed as a new class of LOHC systems. It is demonstrated that the liquid mixture of isomeric dibenzyltoluenes (m.p. −39 to [...]

2019-06-27T07:51:30+00:00 August 16, 2013|

Reversible vs. Irreversible Conversion of Hydrogen: How to Store Energy Efficiently?

Abstract Chemical conversion is a key technology for hydrogen storage. Two basic options exist in this field: reversible storage using organic carrier materials (energy carrying compounds) and irreversible conversion into hydrocarbon fuels (gas-to-fuel). It has been shown that reversible storage exhibits significantly higher overall storage efficiency for the electricity-to-electricity storage process. The high storage density [...]

2019-06-27T07:51:38+00:00 January 6, 2013|

Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carriers as an efficient vector for the transport and storage of renewable energy

Abstract This contribution proposes the usage of Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carriers (LOHC) for the storage and subsequently the transport of renewable energy. It is expected that a significant share of future energy consumption will be satisfied with the import of energy coming from regions with high potential for renewable generation, e.g. the import of solar [...]

2019-06-27T07:50:56+00:00 September 27, 2012|

Energy storage in residential and commercial buildings via Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carriers (LOHC)

Abstract This contribution proposes the usage of Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carriers (LOHC) for the establishment of a decentralised energy storage network. Due to the continually increasing amount of renewable energy within the power grid, in particular in countries of the European Union, a huge demand for storage capacities develops that can hardly be met by [...]

2019-06-27T07:50:58+00:00 August 8, 2012|

Energy Storage by CO2 Methanization and Energy Carrying Compounds: A Thermodynamic Comparison

Abstract Reconstructing current energy infrastructures dominated by fossil fuels towards a high share of renewable energy requires a drastic extension of energy storage capacities. Common storage technologies like compressed air or pumped hydro are either limited in capacity or have to face low efficiencies. A promising alternative is proposed with the use of energy carrying [...]

2019-06-27T07:51:00+00:00 October 11, 2011|
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