Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carriers (LOHCs): Toward a Hydrogen-free Hydrogen Economy

Abstract The need to drastically reduce CO2 emissions will lead to the transformation of our current, carbon-based energy system to a more sustainable, renewable-based one. In this process, hydrogen will gain increasing importance as secondary energy vector. Energy storage requirements on the TWh scale (to bridge extended times of low wind and sun harvest) and [...]

2017-10-08T08:43:30+00:00 December 22, 2016|

Carbon Dioxide-Free Hydrogen Production with Integrated Hydrogen Separation and Storage

Abstract An integration of CO2-free hydrogen generation through methane decomposition coupled with hydrogen/methane separation and chemical hydrogen storage through liquid organic hydrogen carrier (LOHC) systems is demonstrated. A potential, very interesting application is the upgrading of stranded gas, for example, gas from a remote gas field or associated gas from off-shore oil drilling. Stranded gas [...]

2016-06-23T08:00:35+00:00 June 23, 2016|

Dicyclohexylmethane as a Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier: A Model Study on the Dehydrogenation Mechanism over Pd(111)

Abstract We have studied the dehydrogenation of the liquid organic hydrogen carrier (LOHC) dicyclohexylmethane (DCHM) to diphenylmethane (DPM) and its side reactions on a Pd(111) single crystal surface. The adsorption and thermal evolution of both DPM and DCHM was measured in situ in ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) using synchrotron radiation-based high-resolution X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HR-XPS). We [...]

2019-06-27T07:53:24+00:00 February 16, 2016|

Measurement of Hydrogen Solubility in Potential Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carriers

Abstract Liquid organic hydrogen carriers (LOHC) are potential compounds that can facilitate chemical energy storage and hydrogen logistics using reversible hydrogenation. For the process development, the physical solubility of hydrogen in potential LOHCs is required. In this work, solubility of hydrogen in the potential LOHC systems toluene/methylcyclohexane, N-ethylcarbazole/perhydro-N-ethylcarbazole, and dibenzyltoluene/perhydrodibenzyltoluene was measured using the static [...]

2019-06-27T07:53:34+00:00 December 14, 2015|

Binary Diffusion Coefficients of the Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier System Dibenzyltoluene/Perhydrodibenzyltoluene

Abstract Liquid organic hydrogen carrier (LOHC) systems constitute a very promising concept for future hydrogen storage and logistics. The concept builds on the conversion of excess renewable energy to hydrogen via electrolysis followed by reversible catalytic hydrogenation/dehydrogenation of a diesel-like organic carrier molecule. For an ideal design of the catalytic process, insight into reaction mechanisms [...]

2019-06-27T07:53:39+00:00 November 18, 2015|

Chemical utilization of hydrogen from fluctuating energy sources e Catalytic transfer hydrogenation from charged Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier systems

Abstract Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier (LOHC) systems offer a very attractive way for storing and distributing hydrogen from electrolysis using excess energies from solar or wind power plants. In this contribution, an alternative, high-value utilization of such hydrogen is proposed namely its use in steady-state chemical hydrogenation processes. We here demonstrate that the hydrogen-rich form [...]

2019-06-27T07:53:41+00:00 November 7, 2015|

Vacuum Surface Science Meets Heterogeneous Catalysis: Dehydrogenation of a Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier in the Liquid State

Abstract Ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) surface science techniques are used to study the heterogeneous catalytic dehydrogenation of a liquid organic hydrogen carrier in its liquid state close to the conditions of real catalysis. For this purpose, perhydrocarbazole (PH), otherwise volatile under UHV, is covalently linked as functional group to an imidazolium cation, forming a non-volatile ionic [...]

2019-06-27T07:52:01+00:00 June 12, 2015|

Environmental and health impact assessment of Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier (LOHC) systems – challenges and preliminary results

Abstract Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier (LOHC) systems offer a very attractive way to store and transport hydrogen, a technical feature that is highly desirable to link unsteady energy production from renewables with the vision of a sustainable, CO2-free, hydrogen-based energy system. LOHCs can be charged and discharged with considerable amounts of hydrogen in cyclic, catalytic [...]

2019-06-27T07:52:06+00:00 February 4, 2015|

Evaluation of Industrially Applied Heat-Transfer Fluids as Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier Systems

Abstract Liquid organic hydrogen carrier (LOHC) systems offer a very attractive method for the decentralized storage of renewable excess energy. In this contribution, industrially well-established heat-transfer oils (typically sold under trade names, e.g., Marlotherm) are proposed as a new class of LOHC systems. It is demonstrated that the liquid mixture of isomeric dibenzyltoluenes (m.p. −39 to [...]

2019-06-27T07:51:30+00:00 August 16, 2013|

Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carriers as an efficient vector for the transport and storage of renewable energy

Abstract This contribution proposes the usage of Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carriers (LOHC) for the storage and subsequently the transport of renewable energy. It is expected that a significant share of future energy consumption will be satisfied with the import of energy coming from regions with high potential for renewable generation, e.g. the import of solar [...]

2019-06-27T07:50:56+00:00 September 27, 2012|
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